Tips for Adjusting Companion Planting Techniques According to Changing Seasons

Tolu Adebola

Tolu Adebola

Companion planting is a method that’s genuinely shown its effectiveness for farmers, helping them achieve the best results from their farms/gardens. However, there’s a challenge when it comes to adapting this system to various seasons. In this article, we are going to explore how companion planting techniques can be adapted according to the changes in the seasons, especially in Nigeria.

But first, what is companion planting? Companion planting involves the practice of strategically planting different crops together for mutual benefits, and is a versatile technique that can be tailored to any season. Each weather pattern presents its challenges and opportunities for gardening, and by adjusting your companion planting approach accordingly, you can optimize your farm’s health and productivity throughout the year.

Different times of the year bring varying needs and conditions, making it essential to adapt your companion planting strategies for a successful harvest.

Benefits of Companion Planting

Companion planting offers several advantages that can make a positive impact on your garden’s health and productivity. Let’s explore three key benefits that come with practicing companion planting:

Natural Pest Control

One of the significant benefits of companion planting is its ability to naturally control pests. Certain plant combinations create an environment that deters harmful insects. For instance, planting aromatic herbs like basil and rosemary alongside your vegetables can help repel pests that would otherwise damage your crops. This reduces the need for chemical pesticides, promoting a healthier and more eco-friendly garden ecosystem.

Improved Soil Fertility

Companion planting can enhance soil fertility through a process known as “plant symbiosis.” Some plants work together harmoniously, with one plant providing nutrients that the other needs. For example, legumes like peas and beans have specialized roots that host beneficial bacteria, which convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that enriches the soil. When planted alongside nitrogen-hungry crops, these legumes contribute to the overall health of the soil and the growth of neighboring plants.

Increased Crop Yield and Quality

Pairing compatible plants through companion planting can lead to increased crop yield and improved quality. Certain plant combinations have a synergistic effect, where they help each other thrive. For instance, tall crops like corn can provide shade for shorter plants like lettuce, preventing them from overheating in the sun. In return, the lettuce acts as a living mulch, keeping the soil cool and retaining moisture for the corn’s roots. These interactions result in healthier plants, larger yields, and better-tasting produce.

Rainy Season

During Nigeria’s rainy season, your garden gets a natural boost. This is the time to change how you plant to make your garden even better.

Tip 1: Flowers for Helpful Bugs

To make your garden thrive, consider planting flowers that bloom early. These flowers will attract bugs like bees and butterflies, which are really useful for your plants. They help your plants grow delicious fruits and vegetables. When the rainy season comes, you can try planting flowers like hibiscus, marigolds, or cosmos alongside your vegetables. These flowers will invite the good bugs into your garden. This way, you’ll have more tasty food to enjoy when it’s time to pick your harvest.

Tip 2: Improving Soil with Special Plants

When rain falls, the soil receives important nutrients. This is the right time to introduce certain plants to your garden. Consider beans and peas – they have a unique ability. They take nitrogen from the air and transfer it to the soil, which makes the soil healthier.


Imagine having these special plants all around your garden. They will help the soil by providing it with what it needs. This benefits every plant in your garden, making them grow robustly. So, if you’re aiming for a plentiful harvest, these plants are the ones to have.

Dry Season

The dry season brings its own set of challenges and rewards to gardening. Adapting your companion planting techniques can help you tackle the heat and handle pest issues that often come with this season.

Tip 1: Provide Shade with Taller Plants

When the sun’s rays become intense during the dry season, it’s crucial to shield more delicate crops from scorching. One effective strategy is to strategically place taller plants in a way that they cast shade over the smaller ones. This will not only protect the plants from excessive heat but also help conserve precious moisture in the soil, ensuring your garden’s survival in the dry spell.

Tip 2: Keep Pests at Bay with Companion Planting

Pests can become quite a challenge during the dry season, but you can use nature’s toolkit to your advantage. Incorporating companion planting with natural pest-repelling properties is a smart move. For example, consider planting marigolds among your crops. These flowers emit a fragrance that pests find disagreeable, discouraging them from feasting on your plants. By using these natural deterrents, you can reduce the need for chemical interventions while maintaining a healthy garden.

Harvest Time

As the dry season progresses and your crops grow, optimizing your harvest becomes paramount.

Tip 1: Coordinate Harvest-Ready Crops

Planning your harvest becomes more critical during the dry season. Grouping crops that will be ready for harvest around the same time makes the process more efficient. This simple strategy streamlines the harvesting process and makes the most of your garden’s available space.

Tip 2: Soil Care with Cover Crops

After reaping the rewards of your hard work, it’s time to think about the health of your soil.

Tip 3: Soil Care with Cover Crops

Once you’ve collected your harvest, it’s essential to keep the soil in top condition. Planting cover crops is a clever approach. These crops shield the soil from erosion and maintain its nutrient content during the dry season. By doing so, you’re setting the stage for a fertile and productive garden in the seasons to come.

Transitional Period

As the dry season gradually makes way for change, your garden’s success depends on how well you adapt your approach.

Tip 1: Keep Crops Coming with Succession Planting

The transition from the dry season to a new period is an ideal time to practice succession planting. This technique involves planting new crops as you harvest existing ones. By doing this, you ensure a continuous supply of fresh produce, keeping your garden active and productive throughout the changing times.

Tip 2: Disease Defense through Crop Rotation

The transition also brings opportunities to prevent diseases that can harm your garden.

Tip 3: Disease Defense through Crop Rotation

Transition periods offer a chance to outsmart diseases by rotating crops. Shifting crops to different areas in your garden interrupts the life cycles of pests and diseases. This simple but effective strategy decreases the need for chemicals and keeps your garden thriving.


When you customize your plan to suit the specific conditions of each weather pattern, you can establish a flourishing and productive garden that offers an abundance of fresh produce throughout the entire year.


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